Effects of Compudose® and Rumensin®, alone or in combination, on the growth, and carcass and meat quality of steers finished on pasture

TitleEffects of Compudose® and Rumensin®, alone or in combination, on the growth, and carcass and meat quality of steers finished on pasture
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsBurnham, D.L., Morris S T., Purchas R.W., and McCutcheon S.N.
JournalNew Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research
Volume40
Issue2
Pagination231 - 238
Date Published1997
ISBN Number00288233 (ISSN)
KeywordsCarcass characteristics, cattle, Compudose®, Growth, Meat Quality, Rumensin®
Abstract

Rumensin® (monensin sodium) and Compudose® (oestradiol-17β) can both promote liveweight gain of pasture-fed cattle. Limited information exists about their effects on carcass and meat quality characteristics or their combined effects on beef cattle performance. This study examined the effects of Rumensin (R) and Compudose (c), alone and in combination, on the growth, carcass characteristics, and meat quality of steers finished at pasture. Seventy-two yearling steers (290 ± 4 kg) received either no treatment, R, C, or R+C for the 266-day experimental period. C led to increased liveweight gain (P < 0.001) but R had no effect and the R x C interaction was not significant. Weight-corrected height was lower (P < 0.05) in Compudose-treated cattle. R had no significant effect on any carcass or meat quality traits and no interactions with C were found. Compudose treatment increased carcass weight (P < 0.001) and dressing-out percentage (P < 0.05), and decreased kidney + pelvic fat weight (P < 0.005) and side length (P < 0.01). Compudose decreased M. longissimus ultimate pH (P < 0.001) and increased meat brightness L* (P < 0.05), but Warner-Bratzler peak shear values were higher (P < 0.05) in meat of the C group. It is concluded that R has little effect on growth, or carcass or meat characteristics of steers at pasture, and that it has no influence on the way C affects these characteristics.

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