Relationship between diarrhea and peripheral leukocyte population in neonatal Japanese black calves

TitleRelationship between diarrhea and peripheral leukocyte population in neonatal Japanese black calves
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsOhtsuka, H., Mukai M., Tanami E., Tokita M., Hashiba Y., Kohiruimaki M., Shibano K.-I., Miura K., and Morris S T.
JournalJournal of Veterinary Medical Science
Volume73
Issue11
Pagination1477 - 1479
Date Published2011
ISBN Number09167250 (ISSN)
Keywordsanimal, animal disease, Animals, blood, case control study, Case-Control Studies, cattle, cattle disease, Cattle Diseases, Diarrhea, female, immunology, Japanese black calf, leukocyte count, Leukocyte population, lymphocyte count, male, metabolism, note, T lymphocyte, T-Lymphocytes
Abstract

Neonatal Japanese Black (JB) calves show a high incidence of diarrhea. The objective of this study was to analyze the immune cell populations of neonatal JB calves in detail and examine its correlation with the incidence of diarrhea immediately after birth. Understanding the immune cell populations is helpful in clinics in order to determine the condition of the immune system for prevention of diseases. Blood samples were obtained from JB calves on the day of birth. The peripheral leukocyte populations were analyzed separately for calves that had diarrhea within 2 weeks after birth (diarrhea group; n=26) and for calves without diarrhea (control group; n=74). The numbers of the peripheral blood CD3 +TcR1-N12 + and CD8 + T cells were significantly lower in the diarrhea group compared with the control group. These findings suggest that the congenital lower peripheral γδ and CD8 + T cells results in a high risk of diarrhea in neonatal JB calves.

URLhttp://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-82955219685&partnerID=40&md5=984c375febd5cc2cdb46241ff3a653f9
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