Selection for beef quality traits

TitleSelection for beef quality traits
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication1995
AuthorsPL, Charteris, DJ Garrick, ST Morris, and LA Wright
Conference NameProceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production
Date PublishedJan
PublisherNew Zealand Society of Animal Production
Abstract

Records on 24 146 Angus and 5 632 Hereford carcasses processed at Manawatu Beef Packers between March 1993 and August 1994 which had been evaluated for beef marbling standard (BMS), beef fat standard (BFS) and beef colour standard (BCS) were used to derive overall meat quality score. Overall meat quality score in the Japanese grading system is determined by the lowest grade from: semi-objective assessment for BMS, BFS and BCS; and subjective assessment for meat brightness, firmness and texture, fat lustre and quality. Subjective measures of meat and fat quality are not routinely recorded at this plant and therefore overall meat quality score could only account for the three recorded items. The majority of Angus and Hereford carcasses (84.0 and 82.9%) had an overall meat quality score of 1 (inferior) and no carcasses had score 5 (excellent). This study reports the effects of selection to improve Japanese overall meat quality score by single trait improvement of the three meat quality attributes. A change of one grade in BMS (or BFS) for Angus carcasses decreased the proportion of score 1 carcasses to 12.8% (or 74.7%) and improved overall meat quality score from an average of 1.17 to 1.96 (or 1.29). A change of one grade in BMS (or BFS) for Hereford carcasses decreased the proportion of score 1 carcasses to 16.1% (or 66.8%) and changed overall meat quality score from an average of 1.18 to 1.90 (or 1.35). Selection based on a well-designed progeny test would take 5 (or 9) years to improve BMS (or BFS) by one grade. Biological factors introduce a lag of at least six years from the start of test matings until there can be widespread harvest of beef animals with improved meat quality. Selection for BMS can improve overall meat quality score more effectively and more rapidly than selection for other meat quality traits.

URLhttp://www.nzsap.org/proceedings/1995/selection-beef-quality-traits
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